Kanzleimonitor 2022/2023: Erneute Top-Bewertung für Orth Kluth
Die Wirtschaftskanzlei Orth Kluth wird erneut im Ranking des Kanzleimonitors in der Kategorie „Top-100-Wirtschaftskanzleien Deutschlands“ gelistet und belegt dort Platz 49.
Die Sozietät wurde von den Unternehmensjuristinnen und Unternehmensjuristen in mehreren Bereichen empfohlen.
Orth Kluth beteiligt sich an der weltgrößten Windenergie und Wasserstoff Messe in Hamburg
Die Wirtschaftskanzlei Orth Kluth nimmt an der WindEnergy Hamburg als Aussteller teil und ist vom
27. bis 30. September 2022 mit einem Stand in Halle B7 vertreten.
Focus zeichnet erneut Orth Kluth in den Rechtsbereichen Arbeitsrecht, Baurecht, Compliance und Handel als "Top Wirtschaftskanzlei" aus
Das Focus Spezial-Magazin „Recht & Rat“ zeichnet Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte als „Top Wirtschaftskanzlei 2022“ aus. So erzielt die Kanzlei im dritten Jahr in Folge in den Bereichen Baurecht und Compliance die Nennung in der Top-Liste der Wirtschaftskanzleien. Zum zweiten Mal erfolgte die Listung in den Bereichen Arbeitsrecht und Handel.
WirtschaftsWoche zeichnet Orth Kluth als "Top-Kanzlei 2022" und Dr. Michael Sitsen als "Top-Anwalt 2022" für Vergaberecht aus
Das Team um Equity-Partner Dr. Michael Sitsen freut sich sehr über die Auszeichnung der Wirtschaftswoche als "Top Kanzlei 2022" und als "Top Anwalt 2022" für den Bereich Vergaberecht, die die Leistungen der Praxisgruppe Öffentliches Wirtschaftsrecht / Vergaberecht zum wiederholten Male bestätigt.
Orth Kluth advises the BestSecret group on its biggest-ever fulfilment operations expansion
The Orth Kluth ‘Logistics Projects and Outsourcing’ specialist team provided comprehensive legal advice to the BestSecret Group in connection with the development of a new customer order fulfilment centre in Sulechów, Poland.
Juve Award 2022: Orth Kluth receives two nominations – for ‘Employment Law Firm of the Year’ and ‘SME Law Firm of the Year’
Orth Kluth has been nominated for two Juve Awards in 2022 – Employment Law Firm of the Year and SME Law Firm of the Year.
Orth Kluth is advising the Teamwill Group in France on its Avantalion Consulting Group takeover
Paris-based Teamwill, a business & IT solutions specialist dedicated to credit and specialised finance, took over the German Avantalion Consulting Group in June. Orth Kluth provided comprehensive legal advice on this transaction to the French market leader, which has another six sites in Europe and North Africa. The law firm with offices in Düsseldorf and Berlin has been working with several international teams for many years. Its French Desk supported Teamwill’s Avantalion takeover.
Orth Kluth is advising radprax Group on its takeover by the Quartz Healthcare Group
Orth Kluth has provided the shareholders of radprax Holding GmbH & Co. KG, a leading German healthcare group specialising in diagnostic imaging, with legal advice in connection with its takeover by Quartz Healthcare Group sarl, a portfolio company of the investment funds managed by InfraVia Capital Partners.
Leaders League recommends Orth Kluth for IP/IT, data protection and compliance services
Die internationale Ratingagentur Leaders League listet Orth Kluth erstmalig gleich in fünf Rankings als „empfehlenswert“.
Orth Kluth advises the TALIS Group in connection with the divestment of its equity interest in the Frischhut Group
The TALIS Group has sold 100% of its equity in Frischhut Group to Tiroler Rohre GmbH. Orth Kluth provided legal advice to TALIS during the divestment process.
Orth Kluth advises the TALIS Group in connection with the divestment of its equity interest in the STRATE Technologie für Abwasser GmbH
The TALIS Group has sold 100% of its equity in STRATE Technologie für Abwasser GmbH to Düker GmbH. Orth Kluth provided legal advice to TALIS during the divestment process.
Orth Kluth embarks on the second half of its anniversary year 2022 with two salary partner appointments
As the second half of its 25th anniversary year commences, Orth Kluth has made two new salary partner appointments. Beatrice Kemper LL.M., employment law, and Dr Dominika Stachurski LL.M., regulatory law and member of the Mobility team, as well as the Hydrogen and Energy team, became salary partners on 1 July 2022.
Best Lawyers and Handelsblatt have again recognised numerous Orth Kluth lawyers in the 2022 edition of Best Lawyers in Germany
Numerous Orth Kluth’s lawyers are listed in the 14th edition of The Best Lawyers in Germany ranking, which was published in 2022 by Handelsblatt in cooperation with the Best Lawyers publishing company in the USA. Salary partner Timo Nossek is recognised for the first time for his specialist expertise in the field of construction law. Isabel Mang (commercial law) and Lukas Stähler (employment law), also salary partners, have been included in the Best Lawyers: Ones to Watch publication.
Orth Kluth listed in the brand eins ‘Best Commercial Law Firms in Germany 2022’ ranking in the categories of employment law and trademark law
The German brand eins business magazine has listed Orth Kluth in its ‘Best Commercial Law Firms 2022’ special issue in the categories of employment law (employer’s counsel) and trademark/registered design law.
Orth Kluth expands its employment law practice in Berlin with a new salary partner
Orth Kluth has welcomed lawyer Lukas Stähler as a new salary partner. In this role, he is a new addition to the law firm’s interregional Employment Law practice at the Berlin office. Before moving to Orth Kluth, Lukas Stähler was a managing associate at the Hyazinth law firm in Berlin.
Orth Kluth counsels Gorillas on the closure of a warehouse in Berlin
The Gorillas delivery service is having to close one of its warehouses in Berlin since the legal requirements for running the business in the listed building were no longer met. Orth Kluth conducted the negotiations concerning the closure of the Alexanderplatz warehouse in Berlin and achieved a solution that was acceptable to both parties.
25 Years of Commercial Law Firm Orth Kluth
Orth Kluth first opened with a team of three lawyers in an office in Düsseldorf’s prestigious Fürstenwall in 1997, while today there are 80 solicitors working at the firm’s locations in the Media Harbour in Düsseldorf and Europacity in Berlin. Orth Kluth celebrates its 25th anniversary as a commercial law firm of nationwide reach on 1 April.
WirtschaftsWoche has once again listed Orth Kluth as a ‘TOP Law Firm 2022’ in the fields of compliance and white collar law
Dr Markus Berndt and Gereon Conrad LL.M. were also named TOP lawyers in their respective areas of expertise of white collar law and compliance.
Dr Markus Berndt and Gereon Conrad LL.M. have retained their positions in the current WirtschaftsWoche ranking as TOP Lawyers in their respective fields of commercial criminal law and compliance, and Orth Kluth was named TOP Law Firm.
azur Top 100: Orth Kluth is one of the 5 most attractive employers in North-Rhine Westphalia
This year’s azur Awards ceremony and the azur Top 100 ranking confirm that Orth Kluth is one of the 5 most attractive employers in North Rhine-Westphalia, which means it is also one of the Top 100 employers in Germany.
Legal 500 Germany 2022: Orth Kluth is represented in six categories – with a first-time listing in the Transport category
Orth Kluth is again listed in the Legal 500 Germany 2022 legal market analysis as a top-tier law firm in the category of ‘Regional Commercial Law Firms – Düsseldorf’. The Mobility Team has replicated past achievements with its first listing in the Legal 500 Germany category of ‘Advice to the Transport Sector’. The practice groups also received positive mentions in the categories of ‘Employment Law’, ‘Construction Law’ and ‘Trade, Distribution & Logistics’. Numerous lawyers are mentioned and recommended in the study.
Further growth in the IP/IT team at the beginning of the year. Orth Kluth is joined by two new lawyers and takes over part of the FARAGO client portfolio
At the beginning of the year Orth Kluth is taking over a large part of FARAGO Patentanwalts- und Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH’s brand and design law client portfolio. FARAGO has decided to relinquish its legal business and focus on its long-established and very successful patent agent business. It has recommended clients to transfer their legal business to Orth Kluth as the successor law firm. The quality of mid-sized law firm Orth Kluth’s IP/IT services, as well as its full-service business model, both contributed to FARAGO’s decision to transfer its clients to Orth Kluth. In the future both law firms will be collaborating on a case-oriented basis.
Orth Kluth embarks on anniversary year 2022 with two new partners
Orth Kluth startet mit zwei Partnerernennungen in ihr Jubiläumsjahr 2022. Die Partnerschaft hat Alexander Falk, Vergaberecht und Öffentliches Recht, sowie Dr. Michael Grobe-Einsler, IP/IT-Recht und Datenschutz, zum 1. Januar 2022 zu Salary-Partnern berufen und erweitert damit den Partnerkreis im 25. Jahr ihres Bestehens.
Orth Kluth gains new salary partner from Taylor Wessing in the commercial sector
The Orth Kluth commercial law firm has been able to attract lawyer Volker Herrmann as a new Salary Partner for its Contracts, Trade and Sales (Commercial) practice group. He was previously a Salary Partner at Taylor Wessing in Berlin.
The transformation of transport and energy and the decarbonisation of industry - Award-winning commercial law firm Orth Kluth intensifies work in regulated markets
Most experienced political observers in Berlin expect the advent of the new federal government to give a considerable boost to businesses, especially in the regulated transport and energy markets. “The transformation of transport and energy and the decarbonisation of industry will soon be an intense preoccupation for legislators, legal departments and specialised law firms,” predicts Dr Anselm Grün. He is a partner at the commercial law firm Orth Kluth, which was recently named “Law Firm of the Year for Regulated Industries” by the Juve Award 2021.
Another top rating for Orth Kluth - kanzleimonitor 2021/2022 confirms good result from the previous year
Dr Julius Böckmann and Dr Markus Berndt listed as leading lawyers
In the ninth edition of the "kanzleimonitor", the Orth Kluth law firm once again received top ratings and is recommended by experts in legal departments. The firm sees its successful work and its broad positioning confirmed, for example, by the increase in positive ratings for individual lawyers and areas of law compared to last year. For example, the firm is ranked 14th in the area of "breadth of services" and thus belongs to the top group of commercial law firms in the country.
Orth Kluth wins new salary partner in antitrust law from Freshfields
The commercial law firm Orth Kluth has recruited Dr Moritz Dästner as a new salary partner for its antitrust practice group. He previously worked for Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer in Düsseldorf, most recently as a Principal Associate.
JUVE Handbook 2021/2022: Orth Kluth again widely represented in Germany-wide ranking with numerous mentions and recommendations
In addition to the successful award of the Mobility team with the Juve Award 2021 as Best Law Firm of the Year for Regulated Industries, Orth Kluth is again widely represented in the Juve Handbook 2021/2022 in the Germany-wide rankings of the individual legal fields and the firm also repeatedly achieves a ranking among the top 25 law firms in the regional ranking "Düsseldorf".
"Law Firm of the Year for Regulated Industries" - Orth Kluth wins Juve Award 2021
The law firm Orth Kluth has been named Germany's Law Firm of the Year for Regulated Industries at the annual JUVE Awards 2021.
The traditional gala took place yesterday evening at Frankfurt's Alte Oper in front of more than 500 invited guests from law firms and companies. Germany's leading law firms in the various fields of law as well as legal departments were honoured.
Orth Kluth advises KION Group on the acquisition of a stake in software specialist ifesca
Orth Kluth has advised KION Group AG on the acquisition of a stake in ifesca GmbH, a software specialist in the energy industry. With a stake of around 20 per cent, the KION Group will thus become the second-largest owner and strategic partner of ifesca GmbH.
Orth Kluth advises shareholders on the sale of Bühning & Joswig GmbH and the SAFELINE brand to the French DESCOURS & CABAUD Group
Orth Kluth advised Safeline Verwaltungs GmbH on the sale of its Dortmund subsidiary Bühning & Joswig and the SAFELINE brand to the French conglomerate DESCOURS & CABAUD.
Orth Kluth builds up real estate practice in Berlin and strengthens with four-lawyer team
The commercial law firm Orth Kluth has strengthened its real estate practice in Berlin with a team of team in Berlin and, with Dr. David Brosende and Cordula Lehmann, has established a new real estate practice unit at the Berlin office for the first time. The change is flanked by two further additions to the construction and real estate team at the firm's Düsseldorf office of the firm.
Focus lists Orth Kluth as a "Top Business Law Firm 2021" in the fields of competence labour law, construction law, compliance and trade
In its supplement "Recht & Rat" (Law & Advice), Focus magazine named Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte as a "Top Business Law Firm 2021". As in the previous year, the firm was named in the top list of commercial law firms in the areas of construction law and compliance. New additions are the listings in the areas of labour law and trade.
WirtschaftsWoche awards Orth Kluth as top law firm for public procurement law and Dr Michael Sitsen as top lawyer for public procurement law
In its ranking in the legal field of public procurement law, WirtschaftsWoche once again singles out Orth Kluth as a "Top Law Firm 2021" and recommends Dr Michael Sitsen as a "Top Lawyer 2021".
Juve Award 2021: Orth Kluth nominated as "Law Firm of the Year for Regulated Industries".
Orth Kluth has been nominated for the Juve Award 2021 as "Law Firm of the Year for Regulated Industries". The team of the practice group around equity partner Dr Anselm Grün, Berlin, and Dr Michael Sitsen, Düsseldorf, is very pleased about the nomination.
Orth Kluth advises Konsumgenossenschaft Weimar eG on construction project Panoramablick Weimar
After four years of planning and construction, Konsumgenossenschaft Weimar eG has successfully completed a major real estate project in Weimar under the accompanying advice of Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte. The building complex, named "Panoramablick", was handed over to the last tenants and the buyer last week. It is the largest private building project in Weimar in recent years.
Orth Kluth creates new position in Business Development
Orth Kluth has created a new position in business development and recruited Dominic Krohne from the US law firm Squire Patton Boggs. As Director of Business Development & Strategy, he will work with the partnership to further expand the firm's strong market position in Germany, focusing in particular on the expansion of the Berlin office and the area of legal tech.
Best Lawyers and Handelsblatt Ranking "Germany's Best Lawyers 2021" recommends eleven Orth Kluth lawyers
Once again, ten Orth Kluth lawyers from the previous year have been included in the new ranking "Germany's Best Lawyers 2021". For the first time, Salary Partner Manja Steinicke LL.M. is mentioned with her reputation in the field of construction law.
Orth Kluth advises Vallourec on the sale of its tube plant in Düsseldorf
Vallourec Deutschland GmbH operated a tube plant for the production of seamless steel tubes in Düsseldorf-Reisholz until August 2020. This tube plant was previously operated by Mannesmannröhren-Werke AG. After Vallourec had initially entered into a joint venture with Mannesmannröhren-Werke AG at the end of the 1990s, this joint venture became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Vallourec in 2005.
Orth Kluth again ranked "Top Law Firm" in Antitrust Law by WirtschaftsWoche; Dr. Lars Maritzen listed as top lawyer
Following the recognitions by WirtschaftsWoche this year in the areas of Employment Law, Compliance and Corporate Law, we are pleased to be recognised once again as a "TOP Law Firm 2021" in the area of Antitrust Law. Salary Partner Dr. Lars Maritzen was again included in the list of "TOP Lawyers 2021 Antitrust Law" after being listed in last year's ranking.
Employment Law and Corporate Law: Wirtschaftswoche lists Orth Kluth with two lawyers as "Top Law Firm 2021"
This year, Wirtschaftswoche surveyed the reputation of law firms in the legal fields of employment law and corporate law. Orth Kluth is listed as "TOP Law Firm 2021" in both areas, and Dr. Guido Matthey and Dr. Robert Orth were each ranked as top lawyers.
Business magazine brand eins lists Orth Kluth in the ranking "The Best Commercial Law Firms in Germany 2021".
Orth Kluth is listed in the business magazine brand eins in the topic magazine "The Best Commercial Law Firms 2021" with three rankings in the categories compliance, corporate law and antitrust/competition.
Orth Kluth obtains Federal Court of Justice ruling on Deutsche Bahn track access charges
In a recent court ruling, the German Federal Court of Justice has confirmed its previous case law according to which EU antitrust law (in particular the prohibition of abuse of a dominant position pursuant to Art. 102 TFEU) is applicable to the track access charges of Deutsche Bahn and corresponding fees for the use of railway tracks can therefore be reviewed by the civil courts - in parallel to and independently of the jurisdiction of the Federal Network Agency – at least according to antitrust standards (Federal Court of Justice, ruling of 8 December 2020, File No. KZR 60/16; the reasons for the decision were submitted on 22 April 2021). Orth Kluth has represented the claimant in these proceedings.
Orth Kluth advises credativ international GmbH on acquisition by Instaclustr
Orth Kluth advised credativ international GmbH, a global provider of IT services in the field of open source infrastructure, on the acquisition of all shares by the Australian Instaclustr Group.
Orth Kluth advises Wickeder Group on sale of MPU GmbH business operations to Wachsmuth Group
MPU GmbH (Metallbearbeitung-Präzisionsteile-Umformtechnik), which belongs to the Wickeder Group, sold its operating business to the Wachsmuth Group at the beginning of March 2021. With this acquisition, the Wachsmuth Group is expanding its production capacity and will become a supplier to the Wickeder Group with the acquired business.
Orth Kluth advised the Wickeder Group throughout the acquisition process.
Compliance and White-Collar Crime: WirtschaftsWoche lists Criminal Compliance practice group as Top Law Firm 2021
Again, Dr Markus Berndt in the area of white-collar crime and Gereon Conrad LL.M. in the area of compliance maintain their ranking as TOP lawyers in the current ranking of WirtschaftsWoche in cooperation with the Handelsblatt Research Institute.
Furthermore, Orth Kluth was ranked as a Top Law Firm 2021 in the areas of white-collar crime and compliance.
Orth Kluth has fundamental question clarified: BGH confirms DB Netz AG's liability for unpunctuality in rail transport
Orth Kluth advises platform provider Mobility inside on consortium agreement with Deutsche Bahn AG and VAG Verkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft Nürnberg
Since December 2020, Deutsche Bahn AG and VAG Verkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft Nürnberg have joined the previous nine shareholders of the networking project of Mobility inside Holding GmbH & Co. KG. This gives Mobility inside strong support and significantly increases its previous industry coverage.
Orth Kluth has supported Mobility inside Holding GmbH & Co. KG in negotiating the accession of Deutsche Bahn AG and VAG Verkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft Nürnberg and in drafting the consortium agreement as well as the accession documentation.
Orth Kluth advises founders of WE22 AG on takeover by IONOS
Cologne-based WE22 AG, developer of software for the creation, maintenance and hosting of websites, has been acquired by Europe's largest cloud and hosting provider 1&1 IONOS, a company of the United Internet Group.
Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte advised the founders of WE22 AG throughout the entire process.
Orth Kluth advises Talanx Group on long-term cooperation agreement with Deutsche Bank on the distribution of insurance products
In future, the Talanx Group will offer private customers of Deutsche Bank, Postbank and BHW Bausparkasse exclusive insurance cover for consumer and mortgage loans. Orth Kluth provided legal advice to the Talanx Group in the negotiation and drafting of the cooperation agreement.
Legal 500 Germany 2021: Orth Kluth represented in 5 categories - again as TOP TIER LAW FIRM in the category "Regional Law Firms Commercial Law - Düsseldorf"
For the third year in a row, Orth Kluth maintains its ranking as TOP TIER LAW FIRM in the category "Regional Law Firms Commercial Law - Düsseldorf" in the independent market study Legal 500 Germany 2021. Furthermore, the law firm is listed in the rankings of the categories labour law, construction law, corporate law as well as contracts, trade & logistics. Numerous Orth Kluth lawyers are recommended.
Orth Kluth among the top 50 law firms in the market study "kanzleimonitor 2020/2021"- Dr. Julius Böckmann on place 13 of the top 100 lawyers
In this year's kanzleimonitor 2020/2021, Orth Kluth is placed 40th in the Top 100 evaluation. With recommendations for 14 fields of law, Orth Kluth reaches a shared 12th place in the category "range of services".
The practice group Commercial Law maintains its previous year's position with 8th place.
Dr. Julius Böckmann is ranked 13th among the top 100 lawyers and is recommended as the leading lawyer in the categories "Commercial Law" and "Litigation & ADR".
JUVE-Handbook 2020/2021: Orth Kluth again with strong presence in numerous rankings
Once again, Orth Kluth is widely represented in the JUVE-Handbook 2020/2021 in the nationwide rankings of the individual fields of law.
In the regional ranking "Düsseldorf", Orth Kluth is among the top 25 law firms.
The first recommendation in the fields of IP-Law as well as Competition Law for the practice group IP-/IT-law is very positive. The renewed top ranking (category 2) in the field of Transport Sector - Regulation is also remarkable.
Orth Kluth files Euro 6 standard (model) lawsuit
From 1997 to 2011, truck manufacturers colluded on (i) price and “gross list” price increases for medium and heavy trucks, (ii) the timing for introduction of new emissions technologies and (iii) the passing on of the costs of the introduction of new emission technologies in line with the EURO 3 to EURO 6 emission standards to customers. Medium trucks (weighing between 6 to 16 tons) and heavy trucks (weighing over 16 tons) are affected.
WirtschaftsWoche again awards Orth Kluth practice group for Public Procurement Law
Award as "TOP Law Firm 2020" and Dr. Michael Sitsen as "Top Lawyer 2020"
In its current ranking WirtschaftsWoche awards Orth Kluth as "TOP Law Firm 2020" in the field of public procurement law and recommends Dr. Michael Sitsen as "TOP Lawyer 2020".
Orth Kluth successfully enforces the obligation to identify affiliate links for BürgerGas with Finanztip
The Higher Regional Court of Dresden had ordered the well-known internet portal Finanztip Verbraucherinformation GmbH to cease and desist from unmarked commercial content and misleading statements (OLG Dresden, judgement of 05.07.2019, ref. 14 U 207/19). The internet portal uses affiliate links within its website and in its newsletter. These lead to commission income for the internet portal, so that the setting of the affiliate links was classified by the court as an unfair commercial act because there was no sufficient disclosure of this commercial content.
Focus lists Orth Kluth as "Top Law Firm 2020" in two fields of competence
We are very pleased that Focus magazine also lists our firm as "Top Commercial Law Firm 2020" in two areas of expertise. The magazine has highlighted the successful work of Orth Kluth for Construction Law and Compliance.
Dr. Markus Berndt listed by Expert Guides for Commercial Criminal Law
Our partner Dr. Markus Berndt was again listed in a ranking of a renowned legal journal in the group of the best German lawyers for Commercial Criminal Law: "Expert Guides" from the Legal Media Group lists him in the new issue of "White Collar Crime".
Orth Kluth advises weltklassejungs on corona-related adaptation of the business model
The corona crisis is causing many adjustment measures to be taken by companies. In some cases, the business model must also be adapted to meet the challenges of the corona pandemic.
Orth Kluth has advised EVELY GmbH, which operates one of the largest event service provider mediation portals in Germany, weltklassejungs.de, on the conversion and adaptation of the business model and secured the previous balance of rights of the customers and the service providers who offer at weltklassejungs.
Four partner nominations for the second half of 2020
Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte starts the second half of 2020 with four partner appointments: The partnership of the law firm working in Düsseldorf and Berlin appoints Philipp Galaske from the practice group Construction and Real Estate Law as Equity Partner. In the row of Salary Partners, 3 female lawyers join the team: Isabel Mang, Commercial Law, Constanze Mühleisen (née Schmall), Corporate / M&A, and Marieke Schwarz, Public Law and Procurement Law.
Handelsblatt Ranking "Germany's best lawyers 2020" recommends ten Orth Kluth lawyers for eleven fields of law
No less than ten Orth Kluth lawyers are included in the new ranking "Germany's best lawyers 2020" thanks to their reputation and performance. As experts in eleven fields of law, they are listed by the Handelsblatt in cooperation with the specialist publisher "Best Lawyers".
Antitrust Law: Wirtschaftswoche lists Orth Kluth as "TOP law firm 2020"
We are very pleased that the magazine Wirtschaftswoche has again awarded us the title "TOP Law Firm 2020", now in the field of antitrust law. We congratulate our salary partner Dr. Lars Maritzen on his inclusion in the list of "most renowned antitrust lawyers". For Orth Kluth, the award is also in this area a "confirmation of our intensive work and our growth".
Orth Kluth advises on majority sale of Klapp Cosmetics to financial investor
The internationally operating Klapp Cosmetics has arranged its long-term company succession and sold a majority share to Mandarin Capital Partners (MCP). The company founder Gerhard Klapp will withdraw from the day-to-day business and move to the advisory board. In the future, the current sole owner intends to concentrate primarily on the worldwide representation of the brand as well as research and development of new products. Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte advised the seller during the process. The transaction has already been completed.
Orth Kluth advises the Katjes subsidiary Dallmann's Pharma on the acquisition of the German market leader in the segment Kids Care "Bübchen"
Dallmann's Pharma GmbH (an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Kat-jes International GmbH & Co. KG) signed a contract on May 4, 2020 to take over the Büb-chen business from Galderma Holding S.A. With this acquisition Dallmann's Pharma acquires the market leader in the segment "Kids Care" in Germany. Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte advised Dallmann's Pharma during the entire acquisition process. The transaction has already been completed.
New office location in Berlin enables further expansion
Even if hardly anyone is thinking about office space and relocation these days, given the restrictions imposed by the Corona crisis and the home office that is used frequently: In Berlin, Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte will be moving to a completely new and considerably larger location from May 1st. In the "My.B" in the Europacity - centrally located between the government quarter, the main station and the Hamburger Bahnhof - we will find the best solutions for our clients' legal questions.
Compliance and White Collar Law: Wirtschaftswoche lists Orth Kluth with two lawyers as "TOP Law Firm 2020"
This year's Wirtschaftswoche surveyed the reputation of the law firms in two legal fields. In both, Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte is set as "TOP Law Firm 2020": In the category "The most renowned law firms and lawyers for compliance", Gereon Conrad LL.M., Salary Partner at Orth Kluth, is listed. Dr. Markus Berndt, Partner at Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte, is listed in a top position in the category "The most renowned law firms and lawyers for White Collar Law".
Orth Kluth successful for the TÜV Markenverbund e. V. in the trademark law suit against the Netto-Online Shop (NeS GmbH)
In its decision, which is fully applicable, the Regional Court of Düsseldorf states that the rights from the well-known Union trademark "TÜV" are infringed if ladders are advertised with the text "TÜV tested" although no product certification by a TÜV company has taken place.
Orth Kluth advises Markus Schmitz Holding GmbH on the sale of its operative subsidiaries to the French TESCA Group
Markus Schmitz Holding GmbH sold its subsidiaries Tuchfabrik Willy Schmitz GmbH & Co KG based in Mönchengladbach and OGUS Netze und Wirkwaren GmbH & Co KG based in Oberndorf am Neckar to the French TESCA Group. Orth Kluth has legally advised Markus Schmitz Holding GmbH during the whole sales process.
Business challenge Coronavirus - we support you!
The coronavirus continues to spread and causes economic disruption worldwide. The effects on companies are manifold, all stakeholders of companies are directly or indirectly affected: employees, customers and suppliers, investors, banks, authorities and many more.
Orth Kluth advises Schustermann & Borenstein ( inter alia BestSecret.com) on the outsourcing of the worldwide returns logistics and bulk assortment logistics
Schustermann & Borenstein Logistik GmbH has outsourced the entire worldwide returns logistics (B2B and B2C) of the Schustermann & Borenstein group of companies (including BestSecret.com) to an external international logistics provider. The order value of the outsourcing project is in the upper two-digit million range.
Once again in the top ranking: Who's Who Legal Germany recommends Dr. Markus Berndt
Dr. Markus Berndt, partner of Orth Kluth, received a special recommendation for his expertise in the field of Investigations: The current "Who's Who Legal Germany 2020" again awarded him as "highly regarded and go-to name" in the field of Investigations.
Orth Kluth advises on the sale of the Krauss GmbH company to the MTU group
In December 2019, Krauss GmbH sold its company, including the factory property in Ludwigsfelde (Brandenburg), to the MTU group of companies by way of an asset deal. Orth Kluth advised Krauss GmbH legally during the whole selling process and led the contract negotiations.
Orth Kluth strengthens its Antitrust Law Practice with Dr. Lars Maritzen and expands the circle of salary partners significantly by four new salary partners.
With the arrival of Dr. Lars Maritzen on January 1st, Orth Kluth is pushing the expansion of an independent Antitrust Law Practice. Furthermore, Orth Kluth strengthens its team with the experienced employment lawyer Esther Herrnstadt. Esther Herrnstadt joins the practice group Employment Law as salary partner. In addition, Orth Kluth appoints Gereon Conrad LL.M. and Thomas Krahwinkel from its own ranks as salary partners as of January 1st. With the new additions of Esther Herrnstadt and Dr. Lars Maritzen the number of professionals at Orth Kluth increases to 75.
Orth Kluth in market study "kanzleimonitor 2019/2020" among the Top 50 - Top 10 in commercial law
In this year's kanzleimonitor 2019/2020, Orth Kluth maintained its successful position and finished 35th in the top 100 evaluation. New are the rankings among the top 20 in recommendations by General Counsel/Heads of Law (Positions/Hierarchy Levels) and 10th in the Offer Range category.
Appointment Of Counsel Prof. Dr. Kristoff Ritlewski to the HTW Berlin
Orth Kluth Of Counsel Prof. Dr. Kristoff Ritlewski was appointed to the Chair of Law at the HTW Berlin on October 1st. He teaches there with a focus on trademark law, competition law, copyright law and antitrust law.
Orth Kluth as a member of the expert team at the kick-off event „Vernetzt Digital“„Vernetzt Digital“
Orth Kluth Of Counsel Prof. Dr. Michael Bohne, member of the expert network of the "Vernetzt Digital" initiative, together with Equity Partner Dr. Philipp Mels, provided information at the kick-off event in Bonn on topics relating to IT law and data protection law.
Orth Kluth awarded for public procurement law by WirtschaftsWoche
Award as "TOP Law Firm 2019" and Dr Michael Sitsen as "Top Lawyer 2019
In the current list in the field of public procurement law, WirtschaftsWoche awards Orth Kluth the title "TOP Law Firm 2019" and recommends Dr Michael Sitsen as "TOP Lawyer 2019".
Orth Kluth nominated as "Law Firm of the Year for mid-cap businesses"
Orth Kluth has been nominated as "Law Firm of the Year for mid-cap businesses" at the Juve Awards 2019. The final winners of all categories will be announced at the award ceremony at the end of October.
Orth Kluth appoints Dr. Bastian Mehle as Salary Partner
On July 1, 2019, Dr. Bastian Mehle was appointed Salary Partner and strengthens compliance consulting at the Berlin Orth Kluth office.
Orth Kluth advises KION GROUP AG on joint venture formation with one of the leading providers of lithium-ion battery solutions
KION GROUP AG, the world's leading intralogistics supplier, and BMZ Holding GmbH are establishing a joint venture under the name KION Battery Systems GmbH to manufacture lithium-ion batteries for industrial trucks. Europe's largest producer of industrial trucks and one of Europe's leading suppliers of lithium-ion battery solutions are entering into a far-reaching strategic partnership with the joint venture. Orth Kluth provided KION GROUP AG with comprehensive legal advice throughout the entire transaction.
Orth Kluth successful for BürgerGas against unfair behavior of consumer portal Finanztip
The Higher regional Court Dresden sentences the well-known consumer information portal Finanztip to refrain from unmarked commercial content and misleading information.
Orth Kluth advises RMV subsidiary fahma on the financing of the world's largest fuel cell train fleet for local public transportation
After the law firm had already advised fahma in the Europe-wide award procedure for the delivery of 27 fuel cell trains, it subsequently advised fahma on the financing of an almost three-digit million amount.
Handelsblatt Ranking "Germany's Best Lawyers" 2019 recommends ten lawyers from Orth Kluth
In cooperation with the US publishing house Best Lawyers, the Handelsblatt published the current edition of the ranking "Germany's Best Lawyers 2019".
Orth Kluth wins for Dr. Z ahead of OLG Dusseldorf
No misleading use of the fantasy name "Dr. Z" for a dental practice of a medical care centre, even if no doctorate dentist is employed in this practice.
On the appeal lodged by Orth Kluth in the main action proceedings between Dr. Z Medizinisches Versorgungszentrum GmbH (Dr. Z), represented by Orth Kluth, against the Zahnärztlicher Bezirksverband Oberpfalz e. V., a public corporation, the Higher Regional Court of Dusseldorf (OLG) cashed the first-instance judgment of the Regional Court of Dusseldorf by judgment of 23 May 2019 (Case No. I-20 U 43/18).
Orth Kluth advises Akasol AG on the construction of the new corporate headquarters in Darmstadt
AKASOL AG grows and establishes its new company headquarters in the southwest of Darmstadt. According to plans of the battery technology company, a new main administration building will be erected on a 20,000 square metre site by mid-2020. Orth Kluth advises Akasol AG comprehensively on this project in the areas of construction contracts and subsequent project support.
Orth Kluth advises RMV subsidiary fahma on acquisition of world's largest fuel cell train fleet for local public transport
On 21 May 2019, the RMV subsidiary fahma awarded the contract to supply 27 fuel cell trains to the French manufacturer Alstom following a Europe-wide award procedure. The vehicles (type Coradia iLint 54) will be delivered until the 2022/2023 timetable change. Orth Kluth provided comprehensive legal advice to RMV and its subsidiary fahma during the entire procurement process.
Orth Kluth advises on sale of nordBlick Group to Sanoptis
In April 2019, the shareholders of the nordBlick Group sold their shareholding to Sanoptis GmbH. Completion will take place on May 14, 2019. The Sanoptis Group will thus acquire 14 ophthalmic practices in Schleswig-Holstein and one eye clinic in Kiel.
Orth Kluth increases personnel at its Berlin and Düsseldorf locations
At Orth Kluth, the signs continue to point to growth. Since the beginning of the year, Orth Kluth has increased its team with six highly qualified lawyers in Berlin and Düsseldorf.
Orth Kluth advises ice startup NOMOO on financing round
The ice startup NRDS GmbH with its ice cream brand NOMOO, vegan ice cream made from natural ingredients, was advised by Orth Kluth in the first round of financing. NOMOO has received capital for the coming growth phase through the investment of three venture capitalists, led by Quest Solution GmbH.
Orth Kluth successfully achieves no attribution of the political statement of a politician who is also the chairman of the supervisory board of a company to this company.
Orth Kluth achieved success in a lawsuit on the question of whether the statement of a politician who also holds a position as chairman of a company's supervisory board can be attributed to this company. As a result, the statement of a chairman of the supervisory board cannot in any case be attributed to the company if it is made as a predominantly political statement in the exercise of a political office.
Orth Kluth advises STEAG on the sale of a power plant package
STEAG New Energies, a wholly owned subsidiary of STEAG GmbH, sold ten biomass and biogas power plants located in various regions of Germany as part of a sales process lasting several months. Orth Kluth provided legal support for the sale of the power plants.
Orth Kluth advises HAWE Hydraulik on the acquisition of the automation technology division of HOERBIGER
On 26 March 2019, HAWE Hydraulik SE acquired HOERBIGER Automatisierungstechnik Holding GmbH. Orth Kluth provided the HAWE Hydraulik Group with legal advice throughout the entire acquisition process and conducted the contract negotiations.
Who's Who Legal Germany recommends Dr Markus Berndt for Criminal Investigations
In their current issue, the Who's Who Legal Guides recommend Dr Markus Berndt as a "guarantor for complex commercial criminal cases and proceedings".
Orth Kluth successfully advises the Transdev Group in the dispute over the award of the contract for the S-Bahn rail network Hanover
The Transdev Group, Germany's largest private operator of rail and bus services, and its subsidiary NordWestBahn are expected to operate the entire S-Bahn Hanover network for twelve and a half years from December 2021.
Orth Kluth appoints Dr Ulla Kelp as Equity Partner and Manja Steinicke as Salary Partner
Orth Kluth's partnership continues its generic growth in the new year. On 1 January 2019, Dr Ulla Kelp, long-time Salary Partner in the IP/IT and Data Protection practice group, became Equity Partner and Manja Steinicke, lawyer in the Construction and Real Estate Law practice group, was appointed as Salary Partner.
Orth Kluth among the top 50 in market study "kanzleimonitor 2018/19
In this year's kanzleimonitor 2018/2019, Orth Kluth remains on the road to success and is now ranking 34th in the top 100 evaluation, an improvement of 7 places on the previous year: "The best newcomer among the top 40 is Orth Kluth, who makes seven places good and moves up to rank 34 with 48 votes".
Orth Kluth with a new appearance
In recent years Orth Kluth has substantially modernised itself. We have reinforced our staff, broadened our professional range and pushed ahead with digitisation in order to be prepared for the future. This forward-looking determination to change as well as the dynamics that have been set free are now also reflected in our new image, which we would like to present to you now.
Orth Kluth receives IT law award from Wirtschaftswoche.
Orth Kluth's Practice Group IP, IT, Competition and Data Protection Law has been awarded as one of Germany's top law firm teams in the field of IT law by a 5-member jury at this year's "WiWo Topkanzleien 2018" award by Wirtschaftswoche for the area of IT law in the area of IT law, which includes data protection law in particular.
In addition, Malaika Nolde LL.M. was awarded as one of the top lawyers for IT law.
Current case law: Possible coverage gap in D&O insurance policies in the event of breach of the "payment ban" in the event of insolvency
In its judgment of 20 July 2018 (Case No. I-4 U 93/16), the OLG Düsseldorf determined that the claim against a managing director for compensation of payments made after the insolvency did not constitute a "claim for damages in the sense of insurance law" pursuant to § 64 GmbHG. The consequence of this is that in many D&O policies with standard insurance conditions, the liability of the managing director under § 64 GmbHG is not covered by the insurance cover and there is therefore a considerable coverage gap. The judgment has not yet become final. The Higher Regional Court of Düsseldorf has not admitted the appeal; an appeal for non-admission to the Federal Supreme Court is currently pending.
Orth Kluth strengthens its team with IP Counsel by Arnold Ruess
On September 1, 2018, Dr. Anja Doepner-Thiele, LL.M. from the IP boutique Arnold Ruess joined Orth Kluth's practice group for IP, IT, competition and data protection law as Salary Partner. The team around the Düsseldorf partner Dr. Philipp Mels will thus grow to nine professionals with a further renowned team.
Orth Kluth is nominated as Law Firm of the Year for Employment Law
Orth Kluth has been nominated for Law Firm of the Year in the category of employment law at the Juve Awards 2018. The final winners of all categories will be announced at the awards ceremony at the end of October.
Orth Kluth obtains landmark ruling on decommissioning of railway infrastructure before BVerwG
On 5 July 2018 - BVerwG 3 C 21-16 - the Federal Administrative Court in Leipzig issued another landmark ruling on the decommissioning of railway infrastructure in connection with the "Stuttgart 21" project. It not only clarified the basic principles for the interpretation of the terms "line" and "station", but also dealt with the newly introduced "service facilities".
Orth Kluth advises Follmann Chemie GmbH on the acquisition of Sealock Ltd. (UK)
With the official signing of the contract on 27 April 2018, Follmann has acquired the adhesives manufacturer Sealock Ltd.
Orth Kluth advises Follmann Chemie GmbH on the acquisition of Sealock Ltd. (UK)
With the official signing of the contract on 27 April 2018, Follmann has acquired the adhesives manufacturer Sealock Ltd.
Orth Kluth advises ASMPT on the acquisition of German Die-Bonding specialist AMICRA.
ASM Technology Singapore Pte Ltd, a wholly-owned subsidiary of ASM Pacific Technology Limited (“ASMPT”), has acquired 100% of the shares in AMICRA Microtechnologies GmbH and thereby complements its existing product portfolio and strengthens its market presence in the field of Die Bonding. Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte advised ASM in the bidding process as well as through the entire further acquisition process.
Orth Kluth advises DYWIDAG-Systems International on purchase of Alpin Technik & Ingenieurservice GmbH
DYWIDAG-Systems International GmbH purchases 100% of the shares in Alpin Technik & Ingenieurservice GmbH based in Leipzig. Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte provided legal advice on the transaction to the acquirer.
Orth Kluth advises vendor on sale of retail complex in Herzogenrath, NRW
Orth Kluth advises one of two part owners on the sale transaction of a mall/ retail center in Voccastr. 65-69 in Herzogenrath to SCPI Novapierre Allemagne Fund (France).
Azur Awards - Orth Kluth receives award in the category Diversity
At this year's Azur Awards 2018, Orth Kluth received the award for special success in the area of diversity. Orth Kluth beat out the other nominated law firms Glade Michel Wirtz, Hengeler Mueller, Linklaters and McDermott Will & Emery.
Azur Awards 2018: Orth Kluth nominated for the Diversity Award
Every year, the Azur editorial team honours four employers - law firms as well as legal departments, public authorities or consulting firms, provided they employ German lawyers - for special commitment to the promotion of young talent with the Azur Awards.
Orth Kluth among the top 50 in market study "Kanzleimonitor 2017/18
For the market study "kanzleimonitor.de" published by the Bundesverband der Unternehmensjuristen e.V. (BUJ). (BUJ), more than 5,000 in-house lawyers from companies of all sizes and from all sectors in Germany are surveyed annually - now in its fifth year. In particular, the survey examines which law firms are most frequently recommended by in-house lawyers for specific mandates to be handled outside their own legal department. The survey is thus based on the principle that recommendation by clients is the best reference.
Orth Kluth expands full-service portfolio: VBB founding partner Berndt and VBB partner Nolde join Orth Kluth with team for white-collar crime compliance advice
The law firm Orth Kluth continues its growth course and expands its existing corporate compliance advisory services to include the areas of criminal compliance and corporate criminal law.
Orth Kluth in The LEGAL 500 Germany 2017
The market study LEGAL 500 Germany 2017 with current rankings and recommendations of German commercial law firms has been published.
Orth Kluth once again ranked as Juve’s national Top 50 law firm and winner of the Juve Award "Law Firm of the Year in Construction Law"
As last year, Orth Kluth is subject of several mentions and recommendations in the market review JUVE Handbuchs 2017/2018. And again, Orth Kluth is ranked as one of the 50 german top law firms in the national listing. Also, Orth Kluth was awarded „lawfirm of the year for construction law“. We feel very honored.
Terex maintains mobile crane production in Germany – with legal advice from Orth Kluth
After six weeks of negociations, US american mobile crane manufacturer Terex Cranes Germany GmbH has negotiated a deal with the unions PfalzMetall and IG Metall on a collective agreement securing the future. This cleared the way for a comprehensive restructuring of three plants and for maintaining the mobile crane production in the next years.
Expert for IP law Dr. Kristoff Ritlewski joins Orth Kluth as Of Counsel
Orth Kluth welcomes IP lawyer Dr. Kristoff Ritlewski (38), who in july will join Orth Kluth as Of Counsel. Dr. Ritlewski – recently with Berlin law firm Hertin – reinforces the IP team around Düsseldorf based Partner Dr. Philipp Mels, which now will count seven lawyers.
Orth Kluth recommended also for 2017 in Handelsblatt Ranking on Germanys best lawyers, “Deutschlands beste Anwälte”
The list published by the editorial department of the newspaper Handelsblatt is based on the 9th annual edition of the Best-Lawyers-Rating. This rating was elaborated based on a extensive Peer-to-Peer survey, in which lawyers were asked, which lawyer beyond their own lawfirm – which competitor – they would recommend for certain cases.
Orth Kluth accompanies BackWerk introducing a loyalty and mobile payment system
BackWerk implements – as one of the first franchise networks – a loyalty- and mobile payment system using modern near-field-communication technology (NFC). Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte provides comprehensive legal advice on the entire project.
Orth Kluth advises Henkel AG & Co. KGaA on the acquisition of Sonderhoff Holding GmbH
Henkel AG & Co. KGaA acquires 100% of the shares in Sonderhoff Holding GmbH, based in Cologne. Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte provided legal advice on this transaction on the side of the buyer.
Orth Kluth advises on sale of Abbelen GmbH in the context of business succession
As of may 1st, Deutsche Beteiligungs AG acquired Abbelen GmbH based in Tönisvorst, which so far had been family-owned. Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte has provided comprehensive legal advise to the vendor throughout the entire transaction.
Orth Kluth in the "Wirtschaftskanzleien" extra of the Rheinische Post: "On the move as a speedboat in the market".
In its report "Extra Wirtschaftskanzleien", the Rheinische Post writes about Orth Kluth - as a practical example of innovative and successful companies and commercial law firms.
Internationale Wirtschaftsverträge, 2.A. by Ostendorf/Kluth - A review by RA Klaus Vorpeil
Fundstelle: WM 2017 Heft 10, 503
"International commercial contracts are essentially based on a contractual framework that has its roots in Anglo-American law. Accordingly, the clauses proposed in this handbook are also presented in English, even though they are commented on in German."
Internationale Wirtschaftsverträge, 2.A. by Ostendorf/Kluth - A review by Prof. Dr. Friedrich Graf von Westphalen
Fundstelle: IWRZ 2017, 47
"This book is a veritable treasure trove for the lawyer working in international business law."
Orth Kluth advises Frauenthal group on purchase of metal forging sector of Mahle group
Austrian, Vienna-based Frauenthal group acquired today 100% of the shares in Mahle Motorkomponenten GmbH, Plettenberg, from Mahle group, Stuttgart.
Orth Kluth advises STEAG subsidiary on partial municipalisation of district heating network and district heating central plant in Winnenden
The district heating network including the central plant and also the client base in the city of Winnenden have a new owner: The grid (23,4 km in total) and about 800 subscribers were transferred by STEAG New Energies GmbH to Fernwärme Winnenden GmbH & Co. KG, a company in which Stadtwerke Winnenden (the municipal energy supplier) holds 51 % and a subsidiary of STEAG New Energies GmbH holds 49 % of the shares.
Orth Kluth advises Masterflex SE on acquisition of Advanced Polymer Tubing GmbH
Connection systems specialist Masterflex SE has purchased, via the subsidiary Masterflex Vertriebs GmbH, all shares in APT Advanced Polymer Tubing GmbH. The acquisition has already been approved by the Masterflex Supervisory Board. Closing of the transaction with a volume in the high seven figures is expected at the beginning of January 2017.
Orth Kluth at the side of KKR for Legal Due Diligence: Investor announces public takeover-bid for shares of market research company GfK
Acceleratio Capital, advised by investor Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. L.P. (KKR), has announced on the 8th of december 2016 a public takeover-bid for the shares in Nürnberg based market research company GfK.
Orth Kluth advises management on sale of munich based medical care provider DIH
A group of investors led by Delta Equity has sold a majority of shares in munich based medical care provider Deutsche Intensivpflege Holding (DIH) to belgian private equity investor Ergon Capital Partners.
6B47, with legal advise from Orth Kluth, sells residential real estate project „CASCADA“ in Frankfurts Europaviertel
6B47 Real Estate Investors Germany GmbH sells the project „CASCADA“ to Munich based developing and promoting company Bauwerk Capital and to developer Red Square.
Orth Kluth again top 50 law firm in national Juve ranking
In its overview of the market for German commercial law firms, the recently published Juve Handbook 2016/207 once again names Orth Kluth Rechtsanwälte as one of the top 50 German law firms in the "National Overview" ranking. The survey, which is based on the evaluation of client surveys and market research, states, among other things:
Clients never tire of praising Orth Kluth's "high level of advice at moderate prices".
Orth Kluth advises Outokumpu on the full acquisition of Hernandez Edelstahl GmbH
Established as one of the global market and technology leaders in the stainless steel industry, Outokumpu acquires the remaining shares in Hernandez Edelstahl GmbH indirectly from the founding family. In the course of this transaction, Outokumpu also acquires the company property belonging to the Hernandez Edelstahl GmbH site.
Orth Kluth advises the management of ibg Prüfcomputer GmbH in the context of the takeover of a majority shareholding of a group of investors around Nordwind Capital
A group of investors around Nordwind Capital, together with the management, has acquired a majority stake in ibg Prüfcomputer GmbH, based in Ebermannstadt and with subsidiaries in Switzerland and the USA.
Leading pharmaceutical service provider WuXi App Tec enters the European market, acquires Crelux in Germany
Leveraging its presence in China and the USA, WuXi App Tec has announced its entry into the European market, having made the acquisition of Munich-based Crelux. The transaction represents a significant step in the company´s global expansion strategy.
FinTech Group sells Aktionärsbank to Obotritia Capital KGaA - Orth Kluth advises sale process
FinTech Group AG sells its subsidiary Die AKTIONÄRSBANK Kulmbach GmbH to its new strategic partner, Obotritia Capital KGaA. Orth Kluth advises FinTech Group AG during the sales process.